Geography and Population
The twin island state of Antigua and Barbuda (17°03’ North, 61°48 West) is situated in the northeastern part of the Leeward Islands of the Lesser Antilles. The islands are located between 17° 00’ and 17° 35’ N latitude and between 61° 40’ and 61° 55’ W longitude. Total land area is 440 km2, Antigua being the larger island with an area of 280 km2 and Barbuda having an area of 160 km2. Approximately 31% of the total land area (13,810 ha) is considered cultivable. Within this area, some 2,000 farmers are engaged in production on 1,863 ha. Eighty-seven percent of the cultivated area (1,618 ha) is under annual crops while the remaining 13% is under permanent crops.